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Chardonnay 2019

Vineyard: Les Crêtes
Region: Val d’Aosta
Country:Italy

Awards

93-Luca Maroni; 92 Wine Align; 92 John Szabo

Tasting Notes 


Brilliant, straw yellow hue. Ripe melon and papaya with almond milk on the nose. Lush, ripe fruit on the palate surrounded by a core of bracing acidity. Rich mineral finish with tropical fruit overtones.

Varieties


Chardonnay is the world’s most famous white-wine grape and also one of the most widely planted, with the most highly regarded expressions of the variety coming from Burgundy and California. Climate plays a major role in dictating which fruit flavours a Chardonnay will have. Broadly speaking, warm regions such as California tend to give more tropical styles. While many Chardonnays have high aromatic complexity, this is usually due to winemaking techniques (particularly the use of oak) rather than the variety’s intrinsic qualities. Malolactic fermentation gives distinctive buttery aromas. Fermentation and/or maturation in oak barrels contributes notes of vanilla, smoke and hints of sweet spices such as clove and cinnamon. Extended lees contact while in barrel imparts biscuity, doughy flavours.

Region


Surrounded by the Alps, the Valle d’Aosta is home to the highest elevated vineyards in all of Europe. The region is divided into three main vineyard areas: the upper valley,Valdigne; the central valley; and the lower valley. Most vineyards in the Aosta Valley occupy the steep, south-facing slopes above the Dora Baltea river, a tributary of the Po. The dramatic topography and diminutive size of the valley mean that the area available for viticulture is limited. Much of the valley floor, with its mineral-rich, well-watered soils, is simply too fertile for quality viticulture. As a result, many of the best vineyards here are on the lower slopes, and climb steadily up the slopes to top altitudes of around 1300m above sea level.

Vineyard


The production area for Les Crêtes is in Frissonnière, in the Saint Christophe hamlet of Aosta province. The vines, which are 15 years old, are cultivated on steep slopes comprised of morainic, loose, sandy soils which are exposed to the north-east, south-east and south-west. They are at 500-750 meters above the sea level. The Chardonnay vines are extended for 2 hectares and are cultivated with the French Guyot method.

Winemaking


These vineyards require “heroic winemaking” efforts to harvest. Extremely steep slopes on Alpine mountainsides require hand harvesting with care. Allowed to fully ripen phenolically, the wines are cool-fermented, with a portion allowed to undergo natural malolactic fermentation to add a touch of creaminess . This Chardonnay never sees oak aging, but has some lees aging to add complexity.

Cellar Profile


In the mid 1700s, Bernardin Charrère moved from the Haute Savoie in Southeast France to the Aosta Valley and established Les Crêtes, a mill and farm in Aymavilles. This was in the middle of the 21 square mile Aosta valley, in the heart of the wine region. In 1810, the family planted 2 hectares of vinifera grapes and the winery was born. The family still continues to craft wines from those vineyards to this day. Les Crêtes is the largest privately-owned winery in the region, but would be considered “boutique” in most other regions around the world. It has been at the forefront of searching out rare, indigenous vinifera varieties and helping protect them from extinction. Grapes like Prie Rouge, Mayolet, Cornalin, Premetta and Fumin exist nowhere else in the world and Les Crêtes, along with the rest of the tiny vignerons in the region, has worked with the Italian government to preserve them. This is one of the most challenging regions on earth to work for wine, with non-contiguous vineyards frequently planted on ledges on the side of steep Alpine mountains where they can find a little sandy soil. Hot summer days and extremely cool nights, coupled with a dry growing season allow for some of the longest hang times on earth. Les Crêtes has consistently been recognized as the finest producer in the region and a destination spot for wine lovers. Their wines are powerful, yet elegant, with their trademark salty minerality – a true representation of the terroir of the Val d’Aosta.

Wine Type: White

Variety: Chardonnay

Classification: DOC

Orientation: Northeast exposure

Gradient: 600 to 800 metres

Soil: Moraine, losse , sandy soil

Farming Practice: Sustainably farmed, hand worked and harvested. Guyot trained

Residual Sugar: 1 g/L

Alcohol: 14%

Malolactic: no

Bottle Size: 750 ml

Acidity: 6 g/L

Other Practices: Sustainable