Istar Cabernet Sauvignon/Cabernet Franc 2020

Producer: Bononia Estate
Region: Danubian Plain
Country: Bulgaria
Classification: PGI
Wine Type: Red
Variety: Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc
Bottle Size: 750 ml
Alcohol: 14.5%
Residual Sugar: 2.4 g/L
Soil: Carbonate Black Soil
Farming Practices: Vine spacing is 2.50 m.; interline spacing is 0.90 m.; density of the plants 444 vines per decare
Awards: Bronze Medal-IWSC 2022
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Cellar Profile

Nestled along the banks of the Danube River, Bononia Estate is named for the ancient Roman Fortress that occupied the spot now known as the town of Vidin, where Roman armies brought vines for the cultivation of wine grapes. After careful soil analysis, the area was replanted to grape in 2013 and the first vintage was produced in 2016. The Danube River appellation of Bulgaria is a moderate to cool region, with warm, dry days and cold evenings during the growing season. This large diurnal shift, coupled with breezes from the Danube, allows for ecological viticulture. Utilizing organic practices in tandem with technological advances and a keen eye for sustainability, Bononia Estate crafts nervy, fruit-forward and balanced wines, focusing on Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and the exciting, vibrant, autochthonous local varietal, Gamza. Bulgarian wine has long been eschewed by “serious” wine drinkers as cheap, cheerful and forgettable. However, Bononia Estate is part of the modern landscape of Bulgarian winemaking, with a focus on fine wines as opposed to bulk production. The wine world is beginning to take notice!


There are only two wine growing regions in Bulgaria: the Thracian Lowlands and the Danubian Plain. The latter lies south of the iconic Danube River, with the Black Sea to the East and Serbia and Macedonia to the West. The region enjoys as many sunlight hours during the growing season as Northern Italy and Portugal, allowing for full ripening of both international and indigenous varieties. The movement of the Danube River, as well as the influence of the Black Sea, moderate heat during the day and keep the evenings cool, ensuring brilliant acid levels in the wines. The yields are remarkably small in Bulgaria, with an average of only 4.3 tons/ha. By comparison, the US averages 18 tons/ha. Jancis Robinson has noted the exceptional potential of this northwestern part of Bulgaria and the wine world is starting to pay attention.


Planted in 2013 utilizing the Guyot training system, these vineyards are strategically placed just south of the Danube, along its banks. The fast flowing water and accompanying breezes keep the grapes cool and dry during the growing season. The soil has great drainage and is composed of dark loam created by the ancient forests surrounding the region. These are true cool climate vineyards, so canopy management is key to ensuring the grapes get enough sunlight.


Along with Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Franc is one of the original parents of Cabernet Sauvignon. Cab Franc needs plenty of sunlight in order to shed its green notes, but can craft exceptional wines that have power and elegance when given the proper attention and care. It is best known as part of the blend in classic Bordeaux wines, as well as the key red variety of the Loire Valley. Cabernet Sauvignon has smaller berries, thicker skin and higher sugar levels generally than Franc, and needs plenty of sun to fully ripen. The wines it creates are generally large, tannic and structured with aging potential. A key constituent in Bordeaux, it has grown to immense popularity in places like Napa Valley, Barossa and even Northern Italy. In Bulgaria, Cabernet Sauvignon was, at one point, the widest grown red grape; in recent years, its prominence has decreased, but many wineries still craft fantastic versions.


Harvest 2020 was dry and warm with above-average temperatures, yielding quality fruit. Fermentation and maceration using cultured yeasts take place in temperature-controlled stainless steel, before being transferred into French oak barriques for 6 months of aging.

Tasting Notes 

A classic Cabernet blend, with all of the earmarks of a moderate climate. The blackberry and plum you expect from Cab Sauv is joined by raspberry and cedar from the Cab Franc. The palate is balanced, with generous fruit, juicy acidity and some supple tannins. The nose has a a lick of sweet oak, red pepper and mocha. Serve this with seared Hanger Steak, root vegetable stew or enjoy on a cold evening by the fire.